K-12 Standard Response Protocol Toolkit

1.1 SRP in a Nutshell

4 Actions Plus 1

The Standard Response Protocol has specific staff and student actions that are unique to the action. In the event student or staff identifies the initial threat, calling 911 and administration is advised.

LOCKOUT - "Get Inside. Lock Outside Doors."

Students are trained to:

  • Return to inside of building
  • Do business as usual

Teachers and Staff are trained to:

  • Recover students and staff from outside building
  • Increased situational awareness
  • Take roll, account for students
  • Do business as usual

LOCKDOWN - "Locks, Lights, Out of Sight"

Students are trained to:

  • Move away from sight
  • Maintain silence

Teachers and Staff are trained to:

  • Recover students from hallway, if safe to do so
  • Lock classroom door
  • Lights out
  • Move away from sight
  • Maintain silence
  • Do not open the door

The Duration of a Lockdown

A question that occasionally arises is "How long does it take to release a Lockdown?" The answer is, "That depends, but probably longer than you want to hear."

The Foundation has heard accounts of a Lockdown lasting for hours. In one case, a weapon report, the school was in Lockdown for over three hours. In another, an active shooter in the building, it took about an hour, after the issue was resolved, for law enforcement to clear the classrooms.

Some schools have created Lockdown kits. A five gallon bucket, kitty litter, and a shower curtain to accommodate the potential of being unable to use a restroom.

EVACUATE - "To a Location"

Students are trained to:

  • Leave stuff behind
  • If possible, bring their phone
  • Form a single file line

Teachers and Staff are trained to:

  • Grab roll sheet if possible/take go bag (unless instructed not to take anything with them…dependent on reason for evacuation.)
  • Lead students to evacuation location
  • Take roll, account for students
  • Report injuries or problems, at the Evacuation Assembly, to first responders using Red Card/Green Card method

What About Cell Phones?

One of the occasionally heated conversations is about cell phone usage. If the current trends continue, there will be a point in the future where nearly every student will have a device. Not just middle and high school, but elementary as well.

There may be cases where law enforcement will ask students to leave their phones behind. A bomb threat for example. In many cases, having the ability to craft messages for students to send their parents, or for students to call their parents, can be of tremendous value.

The Foundation freely admits to a bias though. Take just a moment and think of the origination of the Foundation.

SHELTER - "For Hazard Using a Safety Strategy"

Hazards might include:

  • Tornado
  • Hazmat
  • Earthquake
  • Tsunami

Safety Strategies might include:

  • Evacuate to shelter area
  • Seal the room
  • Drop, cover and hold
  • Get to high ground

Students are trained in:

  • Appropriate hazards and safety strategies

Teachers and Staff are trained in:

  • Appropriate hazards and safety strategies
  • Take roll, account for students
  • Report injuries or problems, to first responders using Red Card/Green Card method.

About Shelter-in-Place

There is a long tradition of using the term "Shelter-in-place" for a variety of hazards. While still in common use, the SRP suggests simply stating the hazard and providing a safety strategy.

A deep exploration of the FEMA website found over a dozen different scenarios where "Shelter-inplace" was advised. Two of the most common were for Tornado or Hazmat. Very different actions would be taken for those hazards. A single directive, "Shelter-in-place" doesn't provide the necessary information. "Tornado! Get to the storm shelter!" is more direct.

HOLD - "In Your Classroom"

Students are trained to:

  • Clear the hallways and remain in your room until all clear is announced
  • Do business as usual

Teachers and Staff are trained to:

  • Recover students from the hallway
  • Lock classroom door
  • Take roll, account for students
  • Do business as usual

One Demand

The protocol also carries an obligation. Kids and teens are smart. An implicit part of the SRP is that authorities and teachers tell them what’s going on.

Certainly, tempered at the elementary school. But middle school and above needs accurate information for the greatest survivability, to minimize panic and to assist recovery.

Note: Student training includes preparation for some alternative methods during a tactical response but reinforces deference to local law enforcement.

An implicit part of the SRP is that authorities and teachers tell the kids what's going on

SRP and SRP-X Overview Wall Posters

The K12 SRP and SRP-X Overview Wall Posters were created by The "I Love U Guys" Foundation for you to print and place on your wall in order to remind everyone of the different SRP actions and allow teachers to start the conversation about SRP with their students.

SRP Extended (SRP-X)

The Standard Response Protocol Extended adds one more action: "Hold in your Classroom." Schools may use either the SRP or the SRP-X.

Placing posters is an essential step in full implementation of the SRP. The classroom poster should be displayed in every classroom, near all entries, and near the entrances to cafeteria, auditorium and gym. The shelter hazards and safety strategies should be modified for local conditions. To download and print the K12 SRP or SRP-X Wall Poster please click the buttons below.

Download The K12 SRP Wall Poster (English)

Download The K12 SRP Wall Poster (Spanish)

Download The K12 SRP-X Wall Poster (English)

Download The K12 SRP-X Wall Poster (Spanish)

SRP and SRP-X Student Parent Handout V2

The K12 SRP and SRP-X Student Parent V2 Handouts were created by The "I Love U Guys" Foundation for you to print and send home with your students in order to inform parents that your school is using the SRP or SRP-X and to educate parents on the protocol.

The Student Parent Handout is another useful tool in implementing the SRP. Many districts request that their schools send a copy home with students at the beginning of the school year and again prior to any planned drill.

It is also not uncommon to include the handout as an electronic attachment to email newsletters or safety related announcements. To download and print the K12 SRP or SRP-X Student Parent Handout V2 in your preferred language (if available) please click the buttons below.

Download The K12 SRP Student Parent Handout V2 (English)

Download The K12 SRP Student Parent Handout V2 (Spanish)

Download The K12 SRP-X Student Parent Handout V2 (English)