2.2 Prevention


The second P is for Prevention. This component includes your prevention efforts with students and staff members. Training that teaches staff how to respond to a student that may be in crisis, also called gatekeeper trainings, can be beneficial. Gatekeeper trainings are also available to teach students how to effectively respond to peers that come to them in distress. Discussing crisis protocols is also part of the prevention process. Knowing what to do in case of a suicidal crisis and having a plan to prevent a crisis from happening is what prevention encompasses. Both students and staff should have knowledge of and access to suicide prevention resources.

    Facilitated Discussion Instructions
  1. Review and access the recommended and additional resources for this section (listed below).
  2. Complete the section Worksheet:

Worksheet 2: Prevention

Recommended Resources for Discussing ‘Prevention’

“Preventing Suicide: A Toolkit for High Schools” provides prevention tools that can be used across K-12.
A Toolkit for High Schools

For a list of what suicide prevention pieces are required in Texas, see below.
Texas Statutes Regarding Suicide

This section of “Texas Suicide Safer Schools Implementation Guide and Tools” provides tools for identifying, assessing, and responding to suicidal students.
TxSSS Implementation Guide - Pt. 3

These tools and templates can be used to insert into policies to prepare for suicidal incidents. Appendix II of “Texas Suicide Safer Schools Implementation Guide and Tools” provides a Sample District Prevention Plan.
TxSSS Implementation Guide (Appendices)

    Additional Resources to Help with ‘Prevention’

  • “An Adolescent Mental Health & Wellness Curriculum: A Starter Kit for Schools” covers various aspects of mental health and can be used as an implemented curriculum.
    Adolescent Mental Health & Wellness
  • “After a Suicide: A Toolkit for Schools” helps with planning crisis responses.
    After a Suicide
  • This resource provides a comparison of the various Gatekeeper Training Programs.
    Comparison Table of Training Programs
  • “Dealing with Suicide in Schools: Prevention, Intervention and Postvention” covers model protocols for prevention. Also includes screening and assessment materials in appendix.
    Dealing with Suicide in Schools
  • Lists best practice, evidence-based gatekeeper programs that can be implemented in schools and in the community.
    Evidence-Based Programs
  • In the link below, refer to Pgs 4-5, Sections “Prevention” and “Assessment and Referral”.
    Model School District Policy
  • The Recommendations for School-Based Suicide Prevention Screening is a 2-pg handout providing recommendations for gatekeeper programs and screening.
    Recommendations for Screening
  • This resource provides a checklist and tools for overall crisis response.
    Responding to a Crisis
  • The School-Wide Suicide Prevention and Intervention Training Programs lists gatekeeper programs specific to K-12 school settings.
    School-Wide Training Programs
  • “Screening/Assessing Students: Indicators and Tools” provides guidelines and tools for adolescent mental health assessments.
    Screening/Assessing Students
  • “Suicide Prevention Resources for Teens” lists of websites for teens at-risk for suicide or who have friends that may be. These could be included in prevention efforts.
    Resources for Teens
  • If a school has created their own suicide prevention program, the following are guidelines that must be followed. They are based on criteria developed by the Suicide Prevention Resource Center for applicants submitting suicide prevention programs and practices for possible inclusion in the Best Practices Registry.
    TEA Guidelines for Independent Review of Suicide Prevention Training Materials (HB 2186)
  • This resource includes an overview of suicide prevention in Texas as well as requirements and a blueprint for following Texas legislation in your district/ school. Also provides information on screening programs.
    Texas Suicide Safer Schools
  • In the “Maine Youth Suicide Prevention Program - Youth Suicide Prevention, Intervention & Postvention Guidelines” handout, sections II and III contain information pertinant to developing prevention procedures.
    Maine Youth Suicide Prevention Program
  • The Youth Suicide Prevention Referral and Tracking Toolkit provides referral data collection and early identification tracking forms.
    Youth Referral and Tracking
  • The following link to the “Youth Suicide Prevention School-Based Guide” refers to Issue Brief 5, which presents an overview of suicide prevention and provides checklists that can be included in suicide prevention efforts.
    Youth School-Based Guide
  • This video explains how postvention can be as prevention after a suicidal crisis.
    “Ken Norton, LCISW, Suicide Postvention as Prevention”