High-Quality Multi-Hazard Emergency Operations Plan (EOP) Toolkit

6.3 After-Action Review and Corrective Action Planning

After conducting a drill or exercise an after-action review (AAR) should be conducted. The AAR summarizes key information related to evaluation of the district EOP or campus plans. The AAR results in documentation of strengths and of areas for improvement. These findings are applied within the corrective action plan (CAP) to identify resource needs. A CAP is used to establish and track the resolution of each identified gap or need. The district’s EOP and campus plans should evolve as the planning team learns lessons, obtain new information and insights, and update priorities.

The AAR process results in documentation of strengths and of areas for improvement. These documents are applied within a gap analysis to identify resource needs. A corrective action plan (CAP) is used to establish and track the resolution of each identified gap or need. The CAP should be maintained by a single entity, if possible. If a district wishes for each campus to maintain an individual CAP, then the AAR process should address the sharing of progress on a regular and timely basis.

There is no mandate that determines the format of an after-action report. Templates are available but the planning team should ensure that the format used addresses the specific hazards and needs of the district. Guidance for conducting an effective AAR are addressed in the Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program (HSEEP).